Nasze serwisy używają informacji zapisanych w plikach cookies. Korzystając z serwisu wyrażasz zgodę na używanie plików cookies zgodnie z aktualnymi ustawieniami przeglądarki, które możesz zmienić w dowolnej chwili. Więcej informacji odnośnie plików cookies.

Obowiązek informacyjny wynikający z Ustawy z dnia 16 listopada 2012 r. o zmianie ustawy – Prawo telekomunikacyjne oraz niektórych innych ustaw.

Wyłącz komunikat



Logowanie za pomocą Centralnej Usługi Uwierzytelniania PRz. Po zakończeniu pracy nie zapomnij zamknąć przeglądarki.

Modern Management Review (dawna nazwa: Zarządzanie i Marketing)

Modern Management Review
(dawna nazwa: Zarządzanie i Marketing)
24 (3/2017), DOI: 10.7862/rz.2017.mmr.36


Submitted by: Paweł Perz

DOI: 10.7862/rz.2017.mmr.36


The purpose of the paper is firstly to identify the entrepreneurial attitudes of female Polish students from two universities and secondly to assess the contribution of these Polish universities in enhancing entrepreneurial attitudes amongst female students through entrepreneurship education and training programs. Paper questionnaires were used to survey students studying at Warsaw School of Economics and Rzeszow University of Technology. The respondents were undergraduate students participating in the general module of Management at Warsaw School of Economics and Statistics Methods at Rzeszow University of Technology. Participation in the survey was voluntary. The results reveal that 31% of the university female students were optimistic and interested in starting their own business, but only after gaining a few years of working experience which will enable them to deepen their knowledge and feel comfortable within a business environment. Only 8% of students would like to set up their own business immediately after graduation in comparison to men-students where the level went up to 17%. The study confirms that entrepreneurial education can positively reinforce student attitudes towards an entrepreneurial career choice within
a developing country such as Poland. The research findings are of interest to academia and policy makers. The study suggests that entrepreneurial attitudes amongst Polish female
students can be influenced by exposure to entrepreneurship education. Overall, the study indicates a need for entrepreneurship education, at programme and course levels, to nurture
entrepreneurship among students in Poland. Very few studies have examined female students’ attitude to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship  education in Poland. This study helps to bridge that gap

Full text (pdf)


  1. Acs Z.J., Megyesi M.I., Creativity and industrial cities: a case study of Baltimore, “Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: An International Journal”, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2009, pp. 421–439.
  2. Adcroft A., Dhaliwal S., Willis R., Insatiable demand or academic supply: the intellectual context of entrepreneurship education, “European Business Review”, Vol. 17, No. 6, 2005, pp. 518–31.
  3. Anderson A. and Jack S., Role typologies for enterprising education: the professional artisan?, “Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development”, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2008, pp. 259–73,
  4. Azhar A., Javaid A., Rehman M., Hyder A., Entrepreneurial intentions among business students in Pakistan, “Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics”, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2010, pp. 13–21.
  5. Baldassarri S., Saavala T., Entrepreneurship – educating the next generation of entrepreneurs, “Enterprise Europe”, Vol. 22, July, 2006, pp. 16–20.
  6. Basu A. and Virick M., Assessing entrepreneurial intentions amongst students: a comparative study, 2008,
    neurial_Intentions_Amongst_Students_A_Comparative_Study (access: 21 January 2016).
  7. Blazyca G., Heffner K., Helinska-Hughes E., Poland – can regional policy meet the challenge of regional problems?, “European Urban and Regional Studies”, Vol. 9 No. 3,2002, pp. 263–76.
  8. Chmielniak W., Raport społeczny: przedsiębiorczość studentów i absolwentów (Social report: Entrepreneurship of students and graduates), 2013,
    (access: 10.07.2017).
  9. Chung J.T., Risk reduction in public accounting firms: are women more effective?, “International Review of Women and Leadership”, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1998, pp. 39–45.
  10. Clawson T., UK Universities gear up for enterprise education, 2014, www.forbes. com/sites/trevorclawson/2014/12/16/uk-universities-gear-up-for-enterprise-education/ (access: 15 December 2014).
  11. Davidsson P., The Domain of Entrepreneurship Research: Some Suggestions. In: „Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth”. Ed. J.A. Katz, 2005.
  12. Dyduch W., Corporate entrepreneurship measurement for improving organizational performance, „Journal of Economics and Management”, Vol. 4, 2008, pp. 15–40.
  13. Foley P., Hutchinson J., Kondej A., Mueller J., Economic development in Poland: a local perspective, “European Business Review”, Vol. 96, No. 2, 1996, pp. 23–31,
  14. Gorman G., Hanlon D., King W., Some research perspectives on entrepreneurship education, enterprise education and education for small business management: a ten-year literature review. “International Small Business Journal”, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1997,
    pp. 56–77,
  15. Gries T. and Naudé W.A., Entrepreneurship and structural economic transformation, „Small Business Economics Journal” 34 (1), 2010, pp. 13–29.
  16. Gummesson E., Relationship marketing in the new economy, „Journal of Relationship Marketing”, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2002, pp. 37–58.
  17. Jack S.L., Anderson A.R., Entrepreneurship education within the enterprise culture, “International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research”, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1999, pp. 110-25,
  18. Jiménez-Moreno J.J., Wach K., The entrepreneurial profile of students. Participating in the Academic Entrepreneurship Course: Pilot Study Results, “Horyzonty Wychowania”, Vol. 13 No. 26, 2014, pp. 121–143.
  19. Johansen V., Schanke T., Clausen T.H., Entrepreneurship education and pupils: attitudes towards entrepreneurs, 2012, available at: (access: 11 August 2013).
  20. Katz J., Chronology and intellectual trajectory of American entrepreneurship education 1876-1999, “Journal of Business Venturing”, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2003, pp. 283–300.
  21. Kevane M. and Wydick B., Microenterprise lending to female entrepreneurs: Sacrificing economic growth for poverty alleviation?, „World Development” 29 (7), 2001, pp. 1225–
  22. Kierulff H.E., Entrepreneurship in Poland: findings from the field, “Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing”, Vol. 15 No. 1, 2005, pp. 93–8.
  23. Kostera M., Differing managerial responses to change in Poland, “Organization
    Studies”, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1995, pp. 673–97.
  24. Kuratko D.F., The emergence of entrepreneurship education: development, trends and challenges. “Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice”, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2005, pp. 577–97,
  25. Matlay H., Carey C., Entrepreneurship education in the UK: a longitudinal perspective. “Journal of Small Business Enterprise and Development”, Vol. 14 No. 2, 2007, pp. 252–
  26. McGowan P., Sijde P., Kirby D., The role of universities in the entrepreneurship industry: promoting the entrepreneurship agenda in HEIs, “Industry and Higher Education”, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2008, pp. 49–59, 000000008783876986.
  27. Milius P., Sarkiene J., Entrepreneurship training for innovative start-ups: the KTC case, in van der Sijde P., Annemarie Ridder A., Blaauw G. and Diensberg C. (Eds), Teaching Entrepreneurship, ISBN 978-3-7908-2038-6, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2008,
    pp. 23–33,
  28. Minniti M., Naudeé W., What Do We Know About The Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries? „The European Journal of development Research“, Vol. 22, Issue 3, 2010, pp. 277–293.
  29. Mueller S.L. and Thomas A.S., Culture and entrepreneurial potential: a nine country study of locus of control and innovativeness, “Journal of Business Venturing” 2000,
    Vol. 16, pp. 51–75,
  30. Nikodemska-Wołowik A.M., Family enterprises – a chance to create a strong Polish identity, “The Marketing Review”, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2006, pp. 301–15.
  31. Pittaway L., Cope J., Entrepreneurship education: a systematic review of the evidence, Working Paper Series No. 2, National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship, Birmingham, 2006, pp. 1–33,
  32. Por J.T., White J., An entrepreneur’s guide to Eastern Europe, European Business Review, Vol. 94, No. 3, 1991, pp. 33–43.
  33. Reichal J., Rudnicka A., Collaboration of NGOs and business in Poland, “Social Enterprise Journal”, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2009, pp. 126–40, 10.1108/ 17508610910981716.
  34. Raport, Przedsiębiorczość kobiet w Polsce (Women entrepreneurship in Poland, 2011, PARP, 2011.
  35. Reynolds P.D., Hay M., Camp S.M., Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 1999 Executive Report, Kauffman Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership at the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO, 1999.
  36. Roxas B.G., Cayoca-Panizales R., de Jesus R., Entrepreneurial knowledge and its effects on entrepreneurial intentions: development of a conceptual framework, “Asia-Pacific Social Science Review”, Vol. 8 No. 20, 2008, pp. 61–77, apssr.v8i2.784.
  37. Safin K., Przedsiębiorcze zachowania studentów – stan i konsekwencje dla dydaktyki (Entrepreneurship of students – the current state and the consequences for didactics), “Horyzonty Wychowania”, Vol. 13, No. 26, 2014, pp. 327–340.
  38. Santoro M. and Chakrabarti A.K., Firm size and technology centrality in industry-university interactions, „Research Policy”, Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 1163–80.
  39. Schindehutte M., Morris M. and Brennan C., Entrepreneurs and motherhood: Impacts
    on their children in South Africa and the United States
    ,“Journal of Small Business
    Management” 41 (1), 2003,  pp. 94–107.
  40. Siguaw J.A., Bakes T.L. and Simpson P.M., Preliminary evidence on the composition of relational exchange and its outcomes: the distributor perspective, „Journal of Business Research”, Vol. 56, 2003, pp. 311–22.
  41. Smallbone D., Welter F., The role of government in SME development in transition economies, “International Small Business Journal”, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2001, pp. 63–77,
  42. Slovic P., The Perception of Risk, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London 2000.
  43. Socha M., Weisberg J., Labour market transition in Poland – changes in the public and private sectors, “International Journal of Manpower”, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2002, pp. 553–77.
  44. Soomro B.A., Shah N., Developing attitudes and intentions among potential entrepreneurs, “Journal of Enterprise Information Management”, Vol. 28, Issue 2, 2015, pp. 304–
  45. Szerb L., The changing role of entrepreneur and entrepreneurship in network organisations, Knowledge Transfer, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, and Regional Deve-
    lopment in Hungary
    , JATE Press, Hungary, 2003, pp. 81–95, K. Lengyel (Trans.).
  46. Wach K., Edukacja przedsiębiorcza: analiza bibliometryczna polskiego piśmiennictwa (Entrepreneurship: bibliometric analysis of Polish literature), “Horyzonty Wychowania”, Vol. 15, No. 34, 2016, pp. 11–26, http://doi: 10.17399/ HW.2016.153401.
  47. Wach K., Środowisko biznesu rodzinnego jako stymulanta intencji przedsiębiorczych młodzieży akademickiej (The family business environment as a stimulant for the entrepreneurial intentions of the academic youth), “Przedsiębiorczość i Zarządzanie”, XVI (7(III)), 2015, pp. 25–40.
  48. Waters C., Changing the role of the retail sector in Poland during a period of economic transition, “International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management”, Vol. 27, No. 8, 1999, pp. 319–27.
  49. Węcławska D., Zadura-Lichota P., Wpływ edukacji na postawy przedsiębiorcze i przygotowanie młodych Polaków do prowadzenia działalności gospodarczej (The impact of education on entrepreneurial attitudes and preparation of young Poles to do business). In: A. Wilmańska (ed.) Raport o stanie sektora małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw w Polsce w latach 2008–2009 (Report on the state of small and medium enterprises in Poland in 2008–2009), 2010.
  50. Williams D.R., Effects of childcare activities on the duration of self-employment in
    „Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice” 28 (5), 2004, pp. 467–485.
  51. Zioło Z., Miejsce przedsiębiorczości w edukacji (Place of the entrepreneurship in education), “Przedsiębiorczość – Edukacja”, Vol. 8, 2012, pp. 10–23.

About this Article



(1) Instytut Zarządzania, Kolegium Zarządzania i Finansów, Szkoła Główna Handlowa
(2) Katedra Metod Ilościowych, Wydział Zarządzania, Politechnika Rzeszowska im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza

Paweł Perz

Modern Management Review
24 (3/2017)

females, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship education.




Publishing House of Rzeszow University of Technology Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow

POLITECHNIKA RZESZOWSKA im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza; al. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów
tel.: +48 17 865 11 00, fax.: +48 17 854 12 60
Administrator serwisu:

Deklaracja dostępności | Polityka prywatności