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Modern Management Review (dawna nazwa: Zarządzanie i Marketing)

Modern Management Review
(dawna nazwa: Zarządzanie i Marketing)
27 (4/2020), DOI: 10.7862/rz.2020.mmr.30


Holger MÖLDER, Vladimir SAZONOV

DOI: 10.7862/rz.2020.mmr.30


The authors examine pro-Russian media outlets during the escalation of COVID-19 
pandemics in Spring 2020 (March–May). Strategic narratives constructed and disseminated 
by the Russian Federation for the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) may emphasize: 
political and economic motives related to the policies of governments of the Baltic states; 
status-related motives to disrupt the international system and Western-led political institutions 
through the Baltic states; conflictual motives indicating opposing identities between Russian 
and Baltic nations, which have often emphasized the Russophobic context of the Baltic 
identity-building. These strategic narratives are part of Moscow’s strategy that aim is to 
destroy the unity of West and to increase ideological fragmentation in the European Union. 
Therefore, Baltic states have become an important target of influence operations conducted 
by the Russian Federation because of their geopolitical location and strategic importance. 

Full text (pdf)


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About this Article


Holger MÖLDER (1)
Vladimir SAZONOV (2)

(1)  Tallinn University of Technology, School of Business and Governance
(2) Estonian Military Academy, Estonian Academy of Security Sciences and 
Centre for Oriental Studies at University of Tartu

Modern Management Review
27 (4/2020)

Russia, strategic narratives, COVID-19, Baltic states, international system, EU,
economic, crisis, politics, influence activity




Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Rzeszowskiej, al. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów

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