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Humanities and Social Sciences (dawna nazwa: Ekonomia i Nauki Humanistyczne)

Humanities and Social Sciences
(dawna nazwa: Ekonomia i Nauki Humanistyczne)
24 (4/2017), DOI: 10.7862/rz.2017.hss.68

AMERICAN ECONOMIC AID PLANS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE MARSHALL PLAN AND THE ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

Kamil KOWALSKI
Submitted by: Paweł Perz

DOI: 10.7862/rz.2017.hss.68

Abstract

Two American economic aid plans: European Recovery Program and Alliance for Progress are compared in the article. The author focuses on economic and political conditions which resulted in both initiatives. The text demonstrates the reasons for the formulation of the two aid proposals, and especially the premises that determined that the program for Europe was launched three years after the war, while the program for Latin America as late as in the 1960s. In the second part the author focuses on the objectives of both programs. To present the objectives preliminary assumptions indicated during the speeches of George C. Marshall of June 5, 1947, and of J. F. Kennedy of March 13, 1961 are quoted. Detailed objectives are be discussed based on the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948 and the provisions of the Charter of Punta del Este. The most important issues addressed in the third part are to compare programs’ effects, stress successes and failures of these two initiatives and attempt to identify their causes. In addition, the amount of economic assistance is presented, its scope and the types of benefits.

Full text (pdf)

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About this Article

TITLE:
AMERICAN ECONOMIC AID PLANS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE MARSHALL PLAN AND THE ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

AUTHORS:
Kamil KOWALSKI

AUTHORS AFFILIATIONS:
Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz

SUBMITTED BY:
Paweł Perz

JOURNAL:
Humanities and Social Sciences
24 (4/2017)

KEY WORDS AND PHRASES:
Marshall Plan, Alliance for Progress, cold war, communism.

FULL TEXT:
http://doi.prz.edu.pl/pl/pdf/einh/357

DOI:
10.7862/rz.2017.hss.68

URL:
http://dx.doi.org/10.7862/rz.2017.hss.68

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