Nasze serwisy używają informacji zapisanych w plikach cookies. Korzystając z serwisu wyrażasz zgodę na używanie plików cookies zgodnie z aktualnymi ustawieniami przeglądarki, które możesz zmienić w dowolnej chwili. Więcej informacji odnośnie plików cookies.

Obowiązek informacyjny wynikający z Ustawy z dnia 16 listopada 2012 r. o zmianie ustawy – Prawo telekomunikacyjne oraz niektórych innych ustaw.

Wyłącz komunikat



Logowanie za pomocą Centralnej Usługi Uwierzytelniania PRz. Po zakończeniu pracy nie zapomnij zamknąć przeglądarki.

Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska

Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska
2015.145, DOI: 10.7862/rb.2015.145

Selected aspects of calculating crane supporting beams


DOI: 10.7862/rb.2015.145


During the last few years the European Standards (EN) for designing the overhead crane beams has been introduced by many countries. The general design approach and detailed guidelines presented in these documents are partly different from the previous obligatory national design rules. The calculation based on new rules mostly reveals greater use of the terms of the load capacity, especially it concerns the fatigue load capacity. Such a results lead to designing of the oversized cross-section. On the other hand the investors’ requirements to extremely reduce the weight of the construction is a big challenge to the structural engineers and that enforced them to design the constructions without any reserve of the load capacity. In such a context the legitimacy of the simplified calculation method that has been used so far is discussed in this paper. For this purpose the exemplary calculations of beams with varied cross-sections by use of the precise and simplified method were executed. The conclusions concerning differences in stresses values resulting from acceptance of simplified model have been shown. The issues connected with the assessment of the fatigue load capacity are mentioned also in this paper especially focusing on the load capacity of the elements with holes. The American and European standards and another guidelines have been analysed in the aforementioned context and compared with accessible test results.

Full text (pdf)


[1] PN-90/B-03200: Polska Norma. Konstrukcje stalowe. Obliczenia statyczne i projektowanie (Polish Standard. Steel Structures. Design Rules)

[2] PN-80/B-03200: Konstrukcje stalowe. Obliczenia statyczne i projektowanie (Polish Standard. Steel structures. Design rules)

[3] EN 1991-3: Eurocode 1: Action on structures – Part 3: Actions induced by cranes and machinery

[4] EN 1993-1-9: Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-9: Fatigue.

[5] EN 1993-6: Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 6: Crane supporting structures.

[6] ANSI/AISC 360-05: Specification for Structural Steel Buildings. AISC, 2007.

[7] Alegre, J.M., Aragon A., Gutierrez-Solana F.: A finite element simulation methodology of the fatigue behavior of punched and drilled plate components. Engineering Failure Analysis Vol. 11. pp 737-750.2004.

[8] Aragon A., Alegre, J.M., Gutierrez-Solana F.: Effect of clamping force on the fatigue behaviour of punched plates subjected to axial loading. Engineering Failure Analysis Vol. 13. pp. 737-750., 2006.

[9] Di Battista, J. D., Adamson, D. E. J., Kulak G. L.: Fatigue Strength of Riveted Connections. Journal of Structural Engineering, 124 (7), 792-797.

[10]  Brown J.D., Lubitz D.J., Cekov Y.C., Frank K.H., Keating P.B.: Evaluation of Influence of Hole Making Upon the   Performance of Structural Steel Plates and Conn.. CTR Technical Report:0-4624-1, 2007 (

[11]  MacCrimmon R.A.: Guide for the design of crane-supporting steel structures. Second edition. Canadian Institute of Steel Construction. Ontario 2009.

[12]  Kűhn B. et al.: Assessment of existing steel structures: recommendations for esti-mation of remaining fatigue life. JRC Scientific and Technical Report no. 43401. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Luxembourg 2008.

[13]  Kulak G.L., Fisher, J.W., Struik J.H.A.: Guide to design criteria for bolted and riveted joints. 2nd edition, RCSC 1987.

[14]  Larrson T.: Fatigue assessment of riveted bridges. PhD Thesis, Lulea University of Technology, February 2009.

[15]  Out J.M. M., Fisher J.W., Yen B.T.: Fatigue strength of weathered and Deteriorated riveted members. Fritz Eng. Laboratory Report 483 3(84), Lehigh University 1984

[16]  Valtinat G., Huhn H.: Bolted connections with hot dip galvanized steel members with punched holes. Proceedings of the ECCS/AISC Workshop: Connections in Steel Structures V. Amsterdam, June 3-4, 2004, pp. 297-310.

[17]  Valtinat G., Huhn H.: Scher-Lochleibungs-Verbindungen mit feuerverzinkten Stahlbauteilen und gestanzten Löchern unter Betriebsbeanspruchungen

About this Article

Selected aspects of calculating crane supporting beams

Grzegorz GREMZA (1)

(1) Silesian University of Technology
(2) University of Bielsko-Biała

Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska

fatigue life, construction details with holes, simplified method, stress




Publishing House of Rzeszow University of Technology Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow

POLITECHNIKA RZESZOWSKA im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza; al. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów
tel.: +48 17 865 11 00, fax.: +48 17 854 12 60
Administrator serwisu: